Tuesday, October 12, 2010

Reflection on the elderly challenge.

What have I learn?
I learnt to use the different idea generation techniques such as SCAMPER and Shape-Borrowing

What difficulties I have encountered?
There are times which the prototype I created was accidentally ruin or that I did not have enough materials to create a new product after the previous one was destroyed.

How did I solve this.
I had to use the materials that I have remaining to mend the product instead of making a new one, and to stop the product from falling apart, I have to also use my own glue, as if I were to use the school’s glue gun, the product will look quite messy so in the end I had to buy my own glue and use it instead.

Thursday, July 22, 2010


i) Describe the product. (Appearance, Color, Function, etc)
it has a circular ring attached with a curved surface and there is also a short sharp point.

It is beige in colour and it can be used to peel oranges.

ii) What are the design considerations when designing this product?
The considerations are the user-friendliness, the compactness and the safety.iii) Would an elderly faced difficulty using this product? If yes, what are the difficulties that the elderly would face?
The elderly may injure themselves if they accidentally cut themselves on the sharp edge.
iv) What do you think can be done to improve on the design of the product to suit the elderly? (Sketch the improved design in your sketchbook and take a picture of it. Post the improved sketch at the end of your post.)
The sharp edge should be made retractable so the elderly will not accidentally cut themselves.

Wednesday, July 14, 2010

Ergonomics II

1. What is Ergonomics?
(esp. of workplace design) intended to provide optimum comfort and to avoid stress or injury.

2. What are the 5 aspects of Ergonomics?

Ease of use

3. For each aspects of Ergonomics, explain with an example of a product that is designed for the elderly, how the product meet that particular aspect of Ergonomics.

Safety:LYON'S BEST Performance Plus Chairs(http://catalog.lyonworkspace.com/viewitems/ergonomic-and-safety-products/ergonomic-multitask-chairs?)

LYON'S BEST Performance Plus Chairs
Performance Plus seating from Lyon is designed to survive in tough environments. Each Industrial and Utility Performance Plus chair-Silver, Gold, and Platinum - incorporates premium components in its cutting-edge design for maximum durability, while providing a maximum amount of comfort for users. And they’re all affordable enough to accommodate the constraints of tight budgets. Designed for a maximum weight of 250 lbs.
Comfort:Ergonomic Book-Reading Stand (http://jideas.web.officelive.com/products.aspx)

- Patented wooden lectern with classic finish

- Angle documents and books for viewing comfort

- Lightweight compared to traditional book stands

- Encourages the perfect sitting posture

- Withstands pressure of up to 5 kilogrammes

Ease of use:3M Office EM500GPL Large Wired Optical Renaissance Ergonomic Mouse(http://www.ergodirect.com/product_info.php?products_id=408)

    1.  Innovative vertical design keeps the arm in a comfortable, more neutral and natural
     "handshake" position.

    2.  Uses larger muscles to move mouse, reducing risk of discomfort.

    3.  Left and right click functions using the thumb button on the top of the vertical grip.


Kensington SoleSaver Footrest(http://www.pcmag.com/slideshow_viewer/0,1205,l%253D239590%2526a%253D239591%2526po%253D9,00.asp?p=n)

9. Kensington SoleSaver FootrestReduce pressure on your lower back and elevate your legs while sitting at your desk.. It offers three height adjustments and tilt choices for the most comfortable position, and includes a non-skid foot surface.

Aesthetics: Macbook
The macbook has a nice appearance and it is also userfriendly

Tuesday, July 13, 2010

Ergonomics - Question 2

The one on the right.
The workplace is tidy and well suited for the user for long periods of doing work and it is also very spacious
The user makes use of the space on top of the desk instead of the surface.
The lamp is also attached above and it can move, save distance and height
The laptop carrier can be adjusted so it will be more spacious
the chair the design allows the person to lean back and has an adjustable hand rests comfortable backrest and a sturdy structure.

Ergonomics I

1. Compare the 2 different workplaces, state your observations
The workplace on the left is not as tidy than the workplace on the right as it is very cluttered and messy and he had trouble looking for his things and there was once he had to put his keyboard on top of his mug which had been spilt 
The user on the left also appears to be uncomfortable because of his fidgeting.
The workplace on the left do not have features that are friendly as the one on the right. The workplace on the right has features like more comfortable chairs,better lamps and other gadgets which are friendly to the people and it may also improve the productivity of the people.

2. Which workplace is preferred? State with reasons why one workplace is preferred over the other.
The workplace on the right is preferred. The workplace should help to reduce the stress, increase the comfort of the  user, 

3. What are the considerations that should be taken into account when designing a workplace that is suitable for the user?

4. Why do you think that Ergonomics is important when designing?

Tuesday, June 29, 2010

Observation 4

At Shopping Centres, there are many non-elderly friendly things in the shopping centres.
Firstly, the escalators are moving quite fast, for the elderly and the elderly cannot react very fast.
Secondly, the layout of shopping centres are very complicated. So elderly cannot find their way easily

Observation 3

The Elderly travels very slow. So, are the time for the elderly to cross the road enough? We should lengthen the time of the traffic light so that the elderly would have enough time to cross the road

Observation 2

Now, HDB flats are build for youngsters. But, there are elderly people in Singapore too. According ti the Singapore statistics, 1/10 of Singapore's population are now elderly.In a few years time it will be 1/5 But HDB flats are not so elderly friendly. We should design homes for the elderly which are also user friendly

Observation 1

As the population grows older, many people's eyesight are also decreasing, There are many elderly who are now visually impaired. We need to increase the size of words for many things(e.g. RoadSigns, words on packaging, etc,)This will allow the elderly to understand the words clearer,

Sunday, June 6, 2010

Holiday Work-Part1:Understand the"The Elderly Challenge''

Explain in your own words, the FOUR key recommendations of the report.
  • There should be more elderly friendly houses in Singapore.
  • The facilities in Singapore should be elderly friendlier
  • We need to care more for the elderly
  • We need to give more opportunities to the elderly
State ONE way that the CAI report is recommending to make our public housing more elderly-friendly
  • The report is recommending to Vary the length of land leases. Shorter land leases will facilitate the development of retirement housing by the private sector.

State TWO ways on how we can ensure that the quality of elderly care here in Singapore is affordable
  • Top up Medisave accounts of less well-off Singaporeans when there are budget surpluses
  • Family physicians should play an important role in the management of healthcare needs for seniors.

After reading the CAI report, what do you are the THREE things that you can do, as an SST student, to help overcome these elderly challenges
  • I could help the elderly with little things in their life
  • We could hold a campaign to promote healthy living for the elderly
  • start a donation programme for those elderlies who are poor

Tuesday, March 23, 2010

Personal Reflection (NEWater visit)

1. The three takeaways are:
a. Changi NEWater plant can supply up to 15% of Singapore water demand needs.
b.NEWater is not used for drinking in daily life.
c. Singapore has two contract with Malaysia regarding the import of water and one
expires next year
2. I learnt the concept of Ultrafiltration and reverse Osmosis
3. I found the fact that the NEWater distributed out was only a sample interesting.
4. I can help by saving water anytime I can wherever I am.

Thursday, March 11, 2010

Personal Reflection (8th Mar 2010)

1. What are the 3 key takeaways from today’s lesson?
The presentation should not be plain
The product should have a target audience
Do not include a lot of words in the presentation.
2. Name 2 concepts that you have learnt today pertaining to design and describe why is it important in design?
We must be specific in our design
Our designs must be original
3. What is the 1 interesting thing that you have learnt today?
I have learnt that a thing can totally change how a product works

Friday, February 12, 2010


This picture shows me posing for a photo for the ADMT Homework and if the picture is split into 9 equal parts my focus which is the hard will be somewhere in the middle

This picture shows me and my friend Zhi Chao because the focus is on me thats why more of my face is in the centre.

This picture shows my friend, Guang Jun using his macbook pro to surf the net. If the picture is separated into 9 equal parts he would be in the right part of the center area.

Miscellaneous: When is the best time for photography?
Although I cannot give a specific timing my answer is the best time for photography is when the camera is facing away from the sun meaning that the sun is behind the camera

Wednesday, February 10, 2010


1.3D photography
Action photography
Advertising photography
Aerial photography
Amateur photography
Animal photography
Architecture photography
Art photography
Astro photography
Aura photography
Black & White photography
Camera Phone photography
Candid photography
Cityscape photography
Close-up photography
Colour photography
Commercial photography
Concert photography
Corporate photography
Decisive moment photography
Digital photography
Documentary photography
Editorial photography
Environmental photography
Erotic photography
Family photography
Fashion photography
Fine art photography
Food photography
Forensic photography
Glamour photography
High Speed photography
Historical photography
Industrial photography
Infrared photography
Landscape photography
Location photography
Low-light photography
Macro photography
Medical photography
Micro photography
Nature photography
Night photography
Outdoor photography
Panoramic photography
Passport photography
People photography
Pet photography
Pinhole photography
Portrait photography
PR photography
Product photography
Scenery photography
School photography
Scientific photography
Situation photography
Sport photography
Stereo photography
Still life photography
Stock photography
Street photography
Studio photography
Time-lapse photography
Transport photography
Travel photography
Underwater photography
Urban photography
Virtual photography
Wedding photography
j2. 1.A camera
3. Filters
4. Tripod
3.a space through which light passes in an optical or photographic instrument, esp. the variable opening by which light enters a camera.
From the apple widgets dictionary
A device on a lens that can be adjusted to produce a clear image.
From the apple widgets dictionary
5.Shutter Speed
The aperture diaphragm of a lens (bigger or smaller values) AND timing (open and close) of the camera's shutter curtain - BOTH perform the tasks of regulating the amount of light entering the camera and expose onto the film. The shutter speed scales engraved on the shutter speed dial of conventional camera bodies with a shutter speed ring OR via some flickering digital numerals on the LCD screen like: 1/8000, 1/4000, 1/1000, 1/500, 1/250, 1/125, 1/60, 1/30, 1/15, 1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 1 or -1, -2 etc.
6.ISO speed
ISO in ISO speeds stands for International standards organization and a few decades ago they came up with a standard for measuring the speed of film called the ISO Speed
The speed of a film is the measure of how fast it responds to light. A low ISO speed means a film responds slowly to light, a fast ISO speed means the film responds quickly. Those silver squares you see on the film casing tell the camera what the film's ISO speed is (for cameras that can read them).

a device that measures and records the quantity, degree, or rate of something,
From the apple widgets dictionary
8.White Balance
the color balance on a a camera.
From the apple widgets dictionary

Rule of Thirds

The Rule of Thirds is based on the fact that the human eye is naturally drawn to a point about two-thirds up a page. Crop your photo so that the main subjects are located around one of the intersection points rather than in the center of the image.

Golden Section rule

It has been found that certain points in a picture's composition automatically attract the viewer's attention. Similarly, many natural or man-made objects and scenes with certain proportions (whether by chance or by design) automatically please us. Leonardo da Vinci investigated the principle that underlies our notions of beauty and harmony and called it the Golden Section. Long before Leonardo, however, Babylonian, Egyptian, and ancient Greek masters also applied the Golden Section proportion in architecture and art.

To get a clearer sense of these special "Golden" composition points, imagine a picture divided into nine unequal parts with four lines. Each line is drawn so that the width of the resulting small part of the image relates to that of the big part exactly as the width of the whole image relates to the width of the big part. Points where the lines intersect are the "golden" points of the picture

Diagonal rule

One side of the picture is divided into two, and then each half is divided into three parts. The adjacent side is divided so that the lines connecting the resulting points form a diagonal frame. According to the Diagonal Rule, important elements of the picture should be placed along these diagonals

10.Techniques of Photography

Shot sizes




Camera movements

from notes during p4 infocomm club cca

Friday, January 22, 2010

Difference between Isometric, Oblique and Orthographic Drawing.

The difference between a isometric and oblique drawing is that although both are three-dimensional the oblique drawing has only one true side and the others are at a distort angle. while the orthographic drawing uses a series of two dimensional drawings

Friday, January 15, 2010

Define the Theme - Environment

The Environment is the air, water and land which people, animals and plants live in, the conditions that we live in or work in and the way that they influence how we feel or how effectively we can work, the circumstances or conditions that surround us. An example is a forest, a office and the school.

So the environment is where we do everything.

Definitions are from: http://dictionary.cambridge.org/define.asp?key=25957&dict=CALD, http://www.ldoceonline.com/search/?q=environment, http://dictionary.cambridge.org/define.asp?key=25956&dict=CALD&topic=environments-and-localities and http://dictionary.cambridge.org/define.asp?key=25957&dic

Tuesday, January 12, 2010

ADMT Lesson 1-Personal Reflection

ADMT to me means art, design ,media and technology. I think SDMT students should be creative and innovative. My aspiration as an ADMT student is a designer.I think I should be hardworking and creative